According to the American Diabetes Association, as men and women age their risk for type 2 diabetes increases. Diabetes develops when the amount of sugar in a person’s blood is too high. When a person has type 2 diabetes, his or her body does not respond to insulin, a hormone that regulates the amount of glucose, a type of sugar, in the blood. Aging makes the body less accepting of sugars, thereby making aging men and women more susceptible to type 2 diabetes. But just because aging is an uncontrollable risk factor for type 2 diabetes does not mean men and women over 50 cannot take steps to reduce their risk. The ADA advises that routine exercise and a healthy diet that is low in saturated and trans fat and moderate in salt and sugar can help men and women stay healthy and lower their risk for type 2 diabetes. A healthy meal plan should include lean protein, non-starchy vegetables, whole grains, healthy fats and fruit. In addition, men and women young and old who want to decrease their risk for type 2 diabetes should avoid sugar-sweetened beverages such as soda, sports drinks, sweet tea, and fruit punch.